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Wayne L. Klein, PhD

Neuropsychological Assessment of Children & Adults; Couples & Individual Psychotherapy Offices in Franklin, MA & Spaulding Center for Children, Sandwich, MA
About Dr. Klein
Children and Adolescents
Learning Disabilities
Executive Dysfunctions
Improving Academics
Self Control
Head Injury
Lifestyle Medicine
Autism, Asperger's & PDD
Explore Neuropsychology
Contact Dr. Klein
Reading and Dyslexia
As babies, before we learn to speak, when we listen to speech we hear sounds. The sounds we hear are the component sounds, or phonemes, that make up words. Babbling is practicing producing phonemes.
As we become proficient at talking the production of phonemes becomes so automatic that many of us lose the ability to hear the individual phonemes. One aspect of
developing pre-reading skills is learning to hear words the way we did as babies. This enables us to put phonemes together to produce words.  The most common form of dyslexia is due to difficulty learning to listen more like a baby. This form of dyslexia makes using a phonetic approach to reading very difficult. Phonics is using phonemes to construct words. Many dyslexics will benefit from drills in hearing phonemes.
Dyslexics are more likely to have had many ear infections, tubes in their ears and have suffered mild hearing difficulties. The result is that they have above average difficulty differentiating between phonemes. Add poor frustration tolerance, difficulty sitting still, lack of help at home, difficulty paying attention or fear of failure and you have a recipe for a major struggle in mastering reading skills.
Some children face visual perceptual barriers to reading. They may have difficulty differentiating between letters, staying on the correct line or lose their place. Others may be quite competent at spelling and reading individual words, but struggle with what the sentences and paragraphs mean.
All of these children suffer frustration and often shame. Emotional Impact
Interviews with Academics
Each link has multiple videos (requires a high speed connection):
The Reading Crisis